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The Kia Telluride has quickly become a popular choice among SUV enthusiasts, combining style, versatility, and performance. As the years progress, Kia continues to refine and enhance this impressive vehicle. In this article, we will delve into the key differences between the Kia Telluride 2023 and its predecessor, the 2022 model, highlighting the upgrades that make the newer version an even more compelling option.
A. Brief Overview of the Kia Telluride
The Kia Telluride is a midsize SUV that made its debut in 2019, instantly capturing attention with its bold design, spacious interior, and an array of advanced features. The Telluride’s combination of style, comfort, and capability has solidified its position as a strong competitor in the SUV segment, earning critical acclaim and numerous awards.
B. Importance of Comparing the 2023 and 2022
Models With the introduction of the 2023 Kia Telluride, it is crucial to understand the improvements and updates made by the manufacturer. By comparing the 2023 model with its 2022 predecessor, prospective buyers can make informed decisions about which version aligns best with their preferences and requirements. Analyzing the changes can also help enthusiasts stay up to date with the latest advancements in technology, safety features, and performance enhancements.
II. Exterior Design
The Kia Telluride, a popular midsize SUV, has garnered significant attention since its introduction in 2020. Known for its striking design, impressive features, and spacious interior, the Telluride has become a favorite among SUV enthusiasts. With the release of the 2023 model, Kia has made some noteworthy changes and updates to the exterior design, setting it apart from its predecessor, the 2022 model. In this article, we will delve into the differences between the two models’ exterior designs and analyze the impact of these changes on the overall aesthetics.
A. Changes and Updates in the 2023 Model
Kia has taken a meticulous approach in refining the Telluride’s exterior design for the 2023 model. One of the most noticeable changes is the redesigned front fascia. The 2023 Telluride features a more assertive and aggressive look with a revised grille design, showcasing a bolder and wider appearance.
The grille’s chrome accents have been replaced with a more subdued black finish, contributing to a more contemporary and sophisticated look. The headlight clusters have been revised as well, incorporating sleeker LED lighting elements and a reshaped housing, further enhancing the vehicle’s modern appeal.
Moving along the sides of the vehicle, the 2023 Telluride introduces new wheel designs, offering buyers more options to personalize their SUV. The 18-inch wheels now feature a fresh design with intricate patterns, while the 20-inch wheels boast a more dynamic and eye-catching look.
Additionally, the 2023 model offers a wider range of exterior color options, including new hues that perfectly complement its revised design language.
B. Comparison with the 2022 Model’s Exterior Design
When comparing the 2023 Telluride to its 2022 counterpart, it becomes evident that Kia has made intentional efforts to refine and evolve the SUV’s exterior design. While the 2022 model already exuded a commanding presence with its muscular body lines and strong proportions, the 2023 model takes it a step further by incorporating sharper and more angular design elements. The revised front grille and headlight clusters give the 2023 Telluride a more distinguished and upscale appearance, elevating its overall aesthetics.
Furthermore, the 2023 Telluride’s updated wheel designs add a touch of sportiness and elegance to the SUV’s profile. Whether opting for the 18-inch or 20-inch wheels, buyers can enhance the visual appeal of their Telluride to better suit their preferences. Additionally, the expanded range of exterior color options for the 2023 model provides buyers with even more opportunities to personalize their Telluride and make a statement on the road.
C. Impact of Design Changes on the Overall Aesthetics
The design changes and updates in the 2023 Telluride have undoubtedly had a positive impact on the SUV’s overall aesthetics. The sharper lines, refined grille, and sleeker headlights give the 2023 model a more modern and sophisticated look, further solidifying its position as a premium midsize SUV.
The revised front fascia exudes confidence and strength, while the updated wheel designs and expanded color palette allow buyers to showcase their individual style preferences.
Moreover, the design changes in the 2023 Telluride not only enhance its visual appeal but also contribute to its aerodynamic efficiency. By carefully crafting the exterior elements, Kia has achieved a harmonious blend of form and function, resulting in a vehicle that not only looks good but also performs optimally on the road.
In conclusion, the 2023 Kia Telluride stands apart from its 2022 predecessor with its refined and updated exterior design. The redesigned front fascia, new wheel designs and expanded color options contribute to a more assertive and contemporary look, elevating the Telluride’s overall aesthetics. The sharper lines, revised grille, and sleeker headlights give the 2023 model a more distinguished and upscale appearance, enhancing its visual appeal.
These design changes have a significant impact on the overall aesthetics of the Telluride. The revised front fascia exudes confidence and strength, giving the SUV a commanding presence on the road.
The bolder grille design and reshaped headlights create a more modern and sophisticated look, capturing attention and turning heads wherever it goes.
The updated wheel designs further enhance the Telluride’s exterior aesthetics. With a choice between the 18-inch and 20-inch wheels, buyers can customize their SUV’s appearance to match their personal style. The intricate patterns and dynamic designs add a touch of sportiness and elegance, complementing the overall design language of the vehicle.
Additionally, the expanded range of exterior color options allows buyers to express their individuality and make a statement with their Telluride. With a broader selection of hues to choose from, including new and vibrant colors, owners can personalize their SUV and create a unique look that reflects their personality and taste.
Overall, the design changes in the 2023 Kia Telluride have a positive impact on the SUV’s overall aesthetics. The refined and updated exterior design, with its sharper lines, revised grille, sleeker headlights, and new wheel designs, elevates the Telluride’s visual appeal and gives it a more modern and upscale look.
The expanded color options further enhance the SUV’s customization options, allowing buyers to create a unique and personalized statement on the road. With these design enhancements, the 2023 Telluride maintains its position as a stylish and premium midsize SUV that captures attention and stands out in its segment.
III. Interior Features and Technology
The Kia Telluride has quickly gained popularity as a top-tier SUV since its introduction in 2020. As we dive into the 2023 model, it’s essential to understand the upgrades and enhancements it offers compared to its predecessor, the 2022 model.
A. Upgrades and enhancements in the 2023 model’s interior
The 2023 Kia Telluride boasts several notable upgrades in its interior design and features. Kia has put extra effort into enhancing the cabin’s luxury and comfort, providing a truly premium driving experience. The materials used throughout the interior have been refined, offering a more upscale feel. Soft-touch surfaces, high-quality upholstery, and meticulous attention to detail are prominent in the 2023 model.
B. Key features retained from the 2022 model
While the 2023 Telluride brings several enhancements, it also retains many of the beloved features that made the 2022 model a hit. The spacious three-row seating configuration remains intact, accommodating up to eight passengers comfortably. The versatile cargo space is also carried over, allowing for easy storage of large items. Moreover, the second-row captain’s chairs option is still available, providing added flexibility for passengers.
C. Comparison of technology and convenience features
The 2023 Telluride takes a leap forward in terms of technology and convenience features. It incorporates the latest infotainment system with an improved touchscreen interface, making it more intuitive and user-friendly. Wireless smartphone connectivity, including Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, ensures seamless integration of mobile devices. Advanced driver-assistance systems, such as adaptive cruise control, blind-spot monitoring, and lane-keeping assist, have been upgraded to enhance safety and peace of mind.
IV. Performance and Engine Options
A. Engine options available in the 2023 Telluride Kia continues to offer a robust engine lineup in the 2023 Telluride. The base model is equipped with a 3.8-liter V6 engine, delivering ample power for daily commuting and highway driving. For those seeking an extra punch, a turbocharged variant may be available, providing even more spirited performance. The engines are paired with a smooth-shifting transmission, offering a responsive driving experience.
B. Performance improvements or changes from the 2022 model
Although the specific performance improvements or changes from the 2022 model have not been officially disclosed at the time of writing, Kia is known for continuously refining its vehicles based on customer feedback and technological advancements. Therefore, it is reasonable to expect minor tweaks to enhance the Telluride’s performance, such as improved handling, acceleration, and overall driving dynamics.
C. Fuel efficiency and towing capacity comparison
Fuel efficiency and towing capacity are critical factors for SUV buyers. While the 2023 Telluride’s official fuel efficiency ratings have not been released, it is likely to remain comparable to the 2022 model. The 2022 Telluride achieves competitive fuel economy figures for its class, allowing for efficient long-distance travel. In terms of towing capacity, the 2022 Telluride offers a substantial capability, often exceeding 5,000 pounds. It is reasonable to assume that the 2023 model will maintain or possibly improve upon this impressive towing capacity.
In conclusion, the 2023 Kia Telluride builds upon the success of its predecessor by introducing upgrades and enhancements in its interior, technology, and convenience features. While retaining key aspects that made the 2022 model popular, the 2023 Telluride offers a more luxurious cabin, advanced technology, and enhanced safety features.
Although specific performance improvements and changes have not been announced, customers can expect a refined driving experience. The fuel efficiency and towing capacity of the 2023 Telluride are expected to be comparable to or potentially improved compared to the 2022 model, allowing for efficient long-distance travel and impressive towing capabilities.
Kia’s commitment to providing a top-notch driving experience is evident in the enhancements made to the 2023 Telluride’s interior. The refined materials, attention to detail, and overall luxurious feel of the cabin create an inviting and comfortable atmosphere for both driver and passengers.
The spacious three-row seating configuration ensures that everyone can enjoy ample legroom and headroom, while the option for second-row captain’s chairs adds an extra touch of flexibility and comfort.
When it comes to technology and convenience features, the 2023 Telluride raises the bar. The updated infotainment system offers an improved touchscreen interface, making it easier to navigate and control various functions. Wireless smartphone connectivity, including popular platforms like Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, allows for seamless integration of mobile devices, providing access to music, apps, and navigation on the go.
In terms of safety, the 2023 Telluride is equipped with advanced driver-assistance systems to enhance overall security and peace of mind. Features such as adaptive cruise control, blind-spot monitoring, and lane-keeping assist have been refined to provide more precise and reliable performance, helping to prevent accidents and keep occupants safe on the road.
While the specific performance improvements or changes from the 2022 Telluride have not been officially disclosed, Kia is known for continuously refining its vehicles to deliver better driving dynamics and overall performance. Whether it’s through improved handling, enhanced acceleration, or optimized suspension, customers can expect the 2023 Telluride to offer a smooth and enjoyable driving experience.
In summary, the 2023 Kia Telluride surpasses its predecessor by introducing upgrades and enhancements to its interior, technology, and safety features. With a more luxurious cabin, advanced infotainment system, and enhanced driver-assistance systems, the 2023 Telluride offers a well-rounded and modern driving experience. While specific performance improvements have not been revealed, customers can anticipate a refined and capable SUV that delivers on both power and efficiency.
V. Safety and Driver Assistance
The Kia Telluride, known for its spaciousness, style, and reliability, has become a popular choice among SUV enthusiasts. As Kia introduces the 2023 Telluride model, it’s essential to delve into the upgrades and enhancements made specifically in the realm of safety and driver assistance features. By comparing these improvements with the safety offerings of the 2022 model, we can gain a clearer understanding of the impact on the overall driving experience and peace of mind for Telluride owners.
A. Enhanced safety features in the 2023 Telluride
The 2023 Telluride is equipped with several advanced safety features that aim to provide enhanced protection and prevent accidents. One notable addition is the upgraded Forward Collision-Avoidance Assist (FCA) system, which now includes Junction Turning and Cyclist Detection capabilities.
This technology utilizes radar and camera sensors to detect vehicles and cyclists approaching from the side and can automatically apply the brakes to avoid or mitigate potential collisions. By expanding the scope of detection, the 2023 Telluride ensures a higher level of safety during various driving scenarios.
Furthermore, the 2023 model introduces a new feature called Safe Exit Assist (SEA). This system uses radar sensors to detect approaching vehicles from the rear and warns passengers if it’s unsafe to open the doors. It helps prevent potential collisions with passing vehicles, especially in busy parking lots or on busy streets, ultimately reducing the risk of accidents when exiting the vehicle.
B. Comparison with the 2022 model’s safety offerings
While the 2022 Telluride is already lauded for its impressive safety features, the 2023 model takes it a step further. The 2022 version features standard safety technologies such as Blind-Spot Collision-Avoidance Assist (BCA), Rear Cross-Traffic Collision-Avoidance Assist (RCCA), and Lane Keeping Assist (LKA). These systems work cohesively to alert the driver of potential hazards, actively intervening when necessary to mitigate or avoid collisions.
However, the 2023 Telluride goes beyond these features by incorporating new safety technologies that enhance overall protection. With the addition of Junction Turning and Cyclist Detection to the Forward Collision-Avoidance Assist system, the 2023 model significantly expands its ability to detect and respond to potential dangers.
The Safe Exit Assist system in the 2023 Telluride is another noteworthy upgrade, offering an extra layer of safety during passenger disembarkation.
C. Impact on overall driving experience and peace of mind
The enhanced safety features in the 2023 Telluride have a profound impact on the overall driving experience and provide drivers with increased peace of mind. With Junction Turning and Cyclist Detection, the Telluride becomes more adept at detecting and avoiding potential accidents, reducing the likelihood of collisions at intersections and interactions with cyclists. This not only helps protect the driver and passengers but also promotes safety for other road users.
Moreover, the inclusion of Safe Exit Assist in the 2023 model ensures an extra level of protection for occupants when exiting the vehicle. By alerting passengers to approaching vehicles and minimizing the risk of collisions during door opening, this feature adds convenience and safety, particularly in congested areas.
Ultimately, the enhanced safety features in the 2023 Kia Telluride provide a significant upgrade over the 2022 model, further solidifying its position as a top choice for safety-conscious SUV buyers.
The integration of advanced technologies not only improves the overall driving experience but also instills confidence and peace of mind in drivers and passengers alike. As automotive safety standards continue to evolve, Kia’s commitment to enhancing safety features in their vehicles positions the Telluride as a leader in its segment, prioritizing the well-being of its occupants and ensuring a safer journey on the road.
By equipping the 2023 Telluride with state-of-the-art safety technologies, Kia demonstrates its dedication to staying ahead of the curve in terms of safety advancements. These enhancements not only align with industry standards but also address the evolving needs and concerns of modern drivers.
The advanced safety features of the 2023 Telluride work in harmony to create a comprehensive safety net. The integration of Junction Turning and Cyclist Detection in the Forward Collision-Avoidance Assist system significantly expands the system’s functionality.
This upgrade is particularly beneficial in urban environments where interactions with pedestrians, cyclists, and other vehicles are more frequent. By accurately detecting and responding to potential hazards, the Telluride offers drivers an added layer of reassurance and helps mitigate accidents.
The introduction of the Safe Exit Assist system further elevates the safety standards of the 2023 Telluride. This feature not only takes into account the safety of those inside the vehicle but also considers the well-being of other road users. By warning passengers of approaching vehicles from the rear, it reduces the risk of door collisions and potential injuries.
This is especially valuable in situations where visibility may be limited or when parked in busy areas with fast-moving traffic.
The enhanced safety features in the 2023 Telluride not only improve the driving experience but also have a positive impact on the overall peace of mind for drivers and passengers. Knowing that the vehicle is equipped with cutting-edge safety technologies creates a sense of confidence and reassurance.
Whether driving on highways, navigating crowded city streets, or even parking in tight spaces, the advanced safety systems in the 2023 Telluride contribute to a safer and more relaxed driving experience.
Furthermore, the enhanced safety features in the 2023 model can also have long-term benefits. By reducing the likelihood of accidents and collisions, they can potentially help drivers avoid costly repairs and insurance claims. Additionally, the added safety features may positively influence insurance premiums, as insurance providers often consider the presence of advanced safety technologies when determining rates.
In conclusion, the 2023 Kia Telluride sets a new standard for safety and driver assistance features when compared to its 2022 predecessor. The integration of Junction Turning and Cyclist Detection in the Forward Collision-Avoidance Assist system and the introduction of Safe Exit Assist significantly enhance the vehicle’s safety capabilities.
These advancements not only improve the driving experience but also instill confidence and peace of mind. By prioritizing the safety of its occupants and other road users, the 2023 Telluride solidifies its position as a top choice in the SUV segment and demonstrates Kia’s commitment to innovation and customer satisfaction.
VI. Pricing and Trim Levels
I. Overview of Available Trims for Both 2023 and 2022 Models
The Kia Telluride offers a range of trim levels, allowing consumers to choose the one that best suits their preferences and needs. Both the 2023 and 2022 models offer similar trim options, including the base LX, mid-level S, upscale EX, and top-of-the-line SX.
II. Pricing Differences and Value for Money
When comparing the pricing of the 2023 and 2022 Kia Telluride models, it’s essential to consider any updates or enhancements that may affect the value for money. While exact pricing details may vary depending on the market and optional features, the general trend suggests a slight increase in the price of the 2023 Telluride compared to its predecessor.
III. Factors to Consider When Choosing Between the Two Models
- Design and Styling: The 2023 Telluride features a refreshed exterior design with updated front and rear fascias, giving it a more modern and sophisticated look compared to the 2022 model. The interior may also see some enhancements, such as new upholstery options or additional convenience features.
- Technological Advancements: Kia has been known to introduce innovative technology in its vehicles, and the Telluride is no exception. It is worth noting any new technological features or improvements introduced in the 2023 model that may enhance convenience, connectivity, or safety compared to the 2022 version.
- Performance and Efficiency: The powertrain options and performance capabilities of the 2023 Telluride are likely to be similar to the 2022 model. However, it is worth investigating if any improvements have been made to enhance fuel efficiency or overall driving experience.
- Safety Features: The Kia Telluride has always been praised for its comprehensive safety features, and buyers should consider any advancements or additions in the 2023 model. This may include the introduction of new driver-assistance systems or the availability of safety features on lower trims.
- Reliability and Long-Term Value: While it may be challenging to assess the long-term reliability of a recently released model, considering Kia’s track record of producing reliable vehicles, potential buyers should take into account any updates or enhancements that may contribute to the overall value and reliability of the 2023 Telluride.
Conclusion: Choosing between the 2023 and 2022 Kia Telluride models requires careful consideration of pricing, available trims, and factors such as design, technology, performance, safety, and long-term value.
The 2023 Telluride is expected to offer several updates and enhancements, making it an attractive option for those seeking the latest features and design. However, the 2022 Telluride may still provide excellent value for money, especially if the price difference is significant and the updates in the newer model are not essential to the buyer’s needs.
Ultimately, prospective buyers should evaluate their priorities and make a decision based on their preferences and budget.
VII. Customer Reviews and Feedback
The Kia Telluride has quickly gained popularity in the SUV market since its introduction in 2020. With its impressive combination of style, comfort, and performance, the Telluride has garnered positive reviews from both critics and customers alike. As the 2023 model arrives, it’s essential to examine the customer reviews and feedback on the 2022 Telluride, explore the anticipated reviews and expectations for the 2023 model, and understand the impact customer feedback can have on purchasing decisions.
A. Compilation of customer experiences with the 2022 Telluride
The 2022 Telluride received overwhelmingly positive feedback from customers. Many praised its spacious interior, comfortable seating, and extensive list of features. Customers found the cabin to be well-designed and appreciated the high-quality materials used throughout.
The Telluride’s smooth ride and responsive handling also impressed buyers, making it an excellent choice for daily commuting and long road trips. Additionally, customers lauded the advanced safety features, such as blind-spot monitoring and lane-keeping assist, which enhanced the overall driving experience.
B. Anticipated reviews and expectations for the 2023 model
As customers eagerly await the arrival of the 2023 Telluride, there are high expectations for further improvements and innovations. Kia has a reputation for actively incorporating customer feedback into their vehicle upgrades, which adds to the anticipation surrounding the new model.
Buyers anticipate enhancements in areas such as technology integration, interior refinements, and even potential performance upgrades. Furthermore, with advancements in electric and hybrid technologies, there is speculation that Kia may introduce an electric or hybrid variant of the Telluride in 2023. Customers are also hopeful for continued reliability and durability, as these factors have been instrumental in the Telluride’s success thus far.
C. How customer feedback can influence purchasing decisions
Customer feedback plays a crucial role in shaping purchasing decisions for prospective buyers. Positive reviews and testimonials from satisfied Telluride owners can generate trust and confidence in the product. Customers often rely on these firsthand experiences to assess the vehicle’s performance, reliability, and overall value.
On the other hand, negative feedback can highlight areas for improvement and may influence potential buyers to explore alternative options. Kia has demonstrated responsiveness to customer feedback, and their commitment to addressing concerns and implementing improvements can foster customer loyalty and attract new buyers.
Customer reviews and feedback provide valuable insights into the ownership experience of a vehicle. The 2022 Kia Telluride has received praise for its spaciousness, comfort, and features, which has contributed to its growing popularity. With the upcoming release of the 2023 model, customers have high expectations for further improvements and innovations. Kia’s receptiveness to customer feedback has been a significant factor in the success of the Telluride, and it will continue to play a crucial role in shaping purchasing decisions for potential buyers. As the 2023 Telluride hits the market, it will be interesting to see how it addresses customer expectations and sets new standards in the highly competitive SUV segment.
The Kia Telluride has gained significant popularity since its introduction in 2020, known for its spacious interior, impressive performance, and attractive design. As automotive enthusiasts eagerly await the release of the 2023 Kia Telluride, it’s essential to understand the key differences between the upcoming model and its predecessor, the 2022 Telluride. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive comparison of the two versions, including notable upgrades, and offer insights into whether upgrading to the 2023 model is worth it. Ultimately, the decision will depend on individual needs and preferences.
KIA Telluride 2023 Specifications
|Drivetrain||Front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive|
|Seating Capacity||8 passengers|
|Fuel Efficiency||City: 20 mpg, Highway: 26 mpg|
|Cargo Space||21 cubic feet (behind third row)|
KIA Telluride 2022 Specifications
|Drive Type||Front-wheel drive (FWD) or All-wheel drive (AWD)|
|Seating Capacity||7 or 8 passengers|
|Fuel Economy (City/Highway)||20/26 MPG (FWD) or 19/24 MPG (AWD)|
|Cargo Space||21 cubic feet (behind 3rd row), 46 cubic feet (behind 2nd row), 87 cubic feet (behind 1st row)|
|Infotainment System||10.25-inch touchscreen display with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto|
|Safety Features||Blind-spot collision-avoidance assist, Rear cross-traffic collision-avoidance assist, Forward collision-avoidance assist, Lane keeping assist, Smart cruise control with stop and go, Surround view monitor|
Kia Telluride 2023 pros & cons
Kia Telluride 2022 pros & cons
A. Summary of the key differences between the 2023 and 2022 Kia Telluride
- Exterior Styling: The 2023 Kia Telluride features subtle aesthetic enhancements, such as revised front and rear fascias, a new grille design, and updated LED lighting. These changes contribute to a refreshed and more contemporary look.
- Enhanced Technology: The 2023 Telluride boasts an upgraded infotainment system, including a larger touchscreen display, improved smartphone integration, and advanced driver-assistance features. Kia has also introduced additional USB ports and wireless charging capabilities, catering to the demands of modern connectivity.
- Performance and Efficiency: While the powertrain options remain unchanged, Kia has focused on refining the driving experience. The 2023 Telluride receives suspension enhancements, resulting in improved handling and ride comfort. Furthermore, minor adjustments have been made to optimize fuel efficiency.
- Interior Upgrades: The 2023 model introduces enhanced interior materials and finishes, further elevating the luxurious feel of the cabin. Kia has also integrated more convenience features, such as a heated steering wheel and ventilated second-row seats, providing a more comfortable driving and passenger experience.
- Safety Features: The 2023 Kia Telluride places a stronger emphasis on safety, introducing additional standard driver-assistance technologies. These include blind-spot monitoring, rear cross-traffic alert, and lane-keeping assist, all of which contribute to a safer and more confident driving experience.
B. Final thoughts on whether upgrading to the 2023 model is worth it
Upgrading to the 2023 Kia Telluride largely depends on individual circumstances and priorities. If owning the latest features and design updates is important to you, the 2023 model offers several noteworthy enhancements.
The improved technology, refined driving experience, and enhanced safety features make the 2023 Telluride an attractive option. However, those who own the 2022 Telluride may find that the differences are relatively minor and may not justify the cost of upgrading.
C. Recommendations based on individual needs and preferences
- Existing 2022 Telluride owners: If you are satisfied with your current Telluride and the updates in the 2023 model do not significantly impact your driving experience or preferences, it may be more prudent to continue enjoying your current vehicle rather than incurring the costs associated with upgrading.
- New buyers or those considering a Telluride: The 2023 Kia Telluride offers an improved overall package, with its updated exterior styling, enhanced technology, refined driving dynamics, and increased safety features. If these factors align with your requirements and budget, opting for the 2023 model may be a worthy investment.
In conclusion, the 2023 Kia Telluride brings forth a range of updates and improvements compared to its predecessor, the 2022 model. While the differences are not drastic, they contribute to an overall enhanced driving and ownership experience. Ultimately, the decision to upgrade to the 2023 Telluride depends on individual needs, preferences, and budget considerations.